Atlas of the Dutch Urban Landscape, A Millennium of Spatial Development

This atlas illustrates 1000 years of Dutch urban construction and growth and shows how Dutch cities have developed over the course of a millennium.

The Netherlands is a country of cities. Over the past ten centuries, a dense pattern has emerged of small, large, old and new cities. The growth and decline of Dutch cities is clearly shown in this atlas using photos, paintings and new series of maps. Topical themes such as rezoning, reconstruction and the development of city centres and urban peripheries are also included in this publication.

Urban expansion and new cities

During the Middle Ages dozens of cities were built, mostly near waterways. When the Republic became a global force to be reckoned with in the Golden Age, large expansions occurred in cities like Amsterdam, Leiden and Rotterdam. After a period of decline in the 18th century, industrialisation in the second half of the 19th century allowed part of the old cities to flourish once again. As a result, large-scale urban expansions occurred and new cities were founded. Industrial centres such as Tilburg and Hengelo and residential cities such as Apeldoorn and Hilversum formed along the new railway network. Under the auspices of the central Government new cities emerged in the 20th century, such as Almere, Emmen and Zoetermeer. Postwar prosperity resulted in an unprecedented expansion of the motorway network and rapid development of new residential areas and industrial estates throughout the Netherlands.

There is also a Dutch version.

Who is this publication for?

This book is intended for heritage professionals, architectural historians and others interested in urban development in the Netherlands throughout the ages.

Publishing details

Editors: Reinout Rutte and Jaap Evert Abrahamse
ISBN: 978 90 6868 690 6
© TOTH, The Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands, 2015